Pengaruh Dukungan Sosial Terhadap Kecemasan Pada Ibu Hamil di Puskesmas Jetis Kabupaten Ponorogo

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Ambika Kurnia Mustikawati

Abstract

Background: Pregnancy is a valuable thing, but also one of the great stresses for a
woman both physically and mentally. Pregnant women with high anxiety will increase the
risk of hypertension, difficulty sleeping and stroke, seizures and even death in the mother
and fetus. In Puskesmas Ponorogo district the number of pregnant women as much as
5903 mothers, while in health centers Jetis the number of pregnant women as many as
200 mothers. Interview results, 21 out of 27 mothers said were very anxious during her
pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors of social support for
anxiety in pregnant women.
Subjects and Methods: The type of research is analytical with cross-sectional approach.
The location of research at Jetis health center Ponorogo regency. Research conducted on
September 1 to October 15, 2016. Sample of 30 pregnant women using proportional
random sampling technique. Dependent variable is anxiety, while independent variable is
social support. Data collection techniques using questionnaires. Data analysis using
Spearman's Rho using SPSS 18.0 for windows computer program.
Results: The results showed that from 40 respondents, almost half were 13 (32.5%)
multiparous had mild anxiety and nearly half were 13 (32.5%) primipara experienced
moderate anxiety. of the 40 respondents, nearly half (12%) of 3 trimester pregnant
women had moderate anxiety and a small proportion of 9 (22.5%) of 2 trimester pregnant
women had mild anxiety. The result of calculation using spearman's rho statistic test
obtained p = 0,006 <α 0,05 mean there is influence between parity with anxiety in
pregnant woman with correlation coefficient of -0,424 which show intensity of influence
of medium that is if the smaller parity hence more anxiety level. The calculation of
gestational age with spearman's rho p = 0,023 <α 0.05 means that there is an influence
between parity with anxiety in pregnant women with a correlation coefficient of 0.359
which shows the weakness of weak influence.
Conclusion: The social support provided by husband and family will affect the level of
anxiety in each pregnant woman. It is hoped for a place of research to provide a solution
for pregnant women who experience anxiety so that pregnancy can run smoothly and
respondents are expected to have a good coping mechanism in the face of anxiety for
health and also the fetus.

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