Pengaruh Paritas Dan Usia Kehamilan Terhadap Kecemasan Pada Ibu Hamil di Puskesmas Jetis Kabupaten Ponorogo

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Ambika Kurnia Mustikawati

Abstract

Background: Pregnancy is a valuable thing, but also one of the great stresses for a
woman both physically and mentally. Pregnant women with high anxiety will increase the
risk of hypertension, difficulty sleeping and stroke, seizures and even death in the mother
and fetus. At Puskesmas Kabupaten Ponorogo the number of pregnant women is 5903.
Interview results, 21 out of 27 mothers say very anxious during pregnancy. The purpose
of this study was to analyze the factors of parity and gestational age to anxiety in
pregnant women.
Subjects and Methods: The type of research is analytical with cross-sectional approach.
Location of research at health center of Balong Kabupaten Ponorogo. Research
conducted on September 1 to October 15, 2016. Sample of 30 pregnant women using
proportional random sampling technique. Dependent variable is anxiety, while the
independent variable is parity and gestational age. Data collection techniques using
questionnaires. Data analysis using Spearman's Rho using SPSS 18.0 for windows
computer program.
Results: The results showed that from 40 respondents, almost half were 13 (32.5%)
multiparous had mild anxiety and nearly half were 13 (32.5%) primipara experienced
moderate anxiety. of the 40 respondents, nearly half (12%) of 3 trimester pregnant
women had moderate anxiety and a small proportion of 9 (22.5%) of 2 trimester pregnant
women had mild anxiety. The result of calculation using spearman's rho statistic test
obtained p = 0,006 <α 0,05 mean there is influence between parity with anxiety in
pregnant woman with correlation coefficient of -0,424 which show intensity of influence
of medium that is if the smaller parity hence more anxiety level. The calculation of
gestational age with spearman's rho p = 0,023 <α 0.05 means that there is an influence
between parity with anxiety in pregnant women with a correlation coefficient of 0.359
which shows the weakness of weak influence.
Conclusion: Different parity and gestational age affect anxiety levels in each pregnant
woman. It is hoped for research sites to provide a solution for pregnant women so as to
reduce perceived anxiety and respondents are expected to have a good coping mechanism
in the face of anxiety for his health and his fetus as well as preparation for labor.

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