Hubungan Paritas dengan Kejadian Kekurangan Energi Kronik (KEK) pada Ibu Hamil Di BPM Ny. “A” Desa Gombang Kecamatan Slahung Kabupaten Ponorogo.

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Sumini Sumini

Abstract

There are several factors that occur Chronic Energy Deficiency incident (CED),
one of them is parity. Based on preliminary data generated from pregnant women's visit
book in January - December 2016 at BPM Mrs. "A" Gombang Village, Slahung Subdistrict,
Ponorogo Regency, 115 pregnant women with K1, 48 pregnant women with an
upper arm circumference <23.5 cm, with wires of 28 nullipara, 17 primiparas and 3
multiparas. From the incidence of CED cases 50% have abortion and BBLR. This study
aims to determine the relationship parity with chronic energy deficiency incident (CED)
in pregnant women in BPM Mrs. "A" Village Gombang Slahung District Ponorogo
Regency.
The type of this research is analytic with retrospective approach using total
sampling technique. The population is all pregnant women who visit Antenatal Care at
BPM Mrs. "A" Gombang Village Slahung District Ponorogo Regency from January to
December in 2016 with the number of 115 pregnant women. The number of samples of
this study was 115 pregnant women. Method of data analysis using Contingency
Coefficient statistical test with significance determined by value ρ <0,05. The variables of
this research are parity (independent) and CED (dependent). The measuring tool used in
this study is to use the cohort register of pregnant women.
Based on the results of the study, obtained the number of parity in pregnant
women in BPM Mrs. "A" Gombang Village Slahung District Ponorogo regency almost
half as many as 45 respondents (39.1%) is primipara. Meanwhile, Chronic Energy
Deficiency incident (CED) in BPM Mrs. "A" Gombang Village Slahung District
Ponorogo Regency almost half of which is 48 respondents (41.7%) with an upper arm
circumference <23.5 cm. So that the value obtained from statistical test Contingency
Coefficient with the significance level of 0.05 is ρ = 0,00 so that ρ <α then H0 is rejected
so that there is relation between parity with Chronic Energy Deficiency incident (CED) in
pregnant woman in BPM Mrs. "A" Gombang Village Slahung District Ponorogo Regency
and obtained the value of Contingency Coefficient 0.374 which means the level of
closeness of the low relationship.
In this research, it is expected that the prospective mother and parity make an
effort to pay attention to nutritional condition during pregnancy that is at the time of
Antenatal Care there is measurement of upper arm circle to know whether the mother is
risk of KEK or not, do regulation of food consumption, Hb level examination, And
pregnant upper arm circumference Mother before pregnancy is less than that number,
cariudara postponed because do not risk giving birth.

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