Hubungan Pengetahuan Ibu Nifas tentang Perawatan Payudara Dengan Kejadian Bendungan ASI di Puskesmas Ngrayun Kecamatan Ngrayun Kabupaten Ponorogo

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Sinta Ayu Setiawan Harnum Rafikasari

Abstract

Breast care is an act to treat especially during parturition (lactation) to facilitate
breast feeding expenditure. Breast care that is not done properly will cause dam
lactation, swollen breasts, breast milk can not come out smoothly. At the time of the
preliminary study with observation, the researcher obtained two postpartum mother who
suffered a breast dam until her breasts were injured. The cause is a puerperal mother
who is less aware if the mother does not do breast care properly can cause breast milk
dam. This study aims to find out the relationship of knowledge post partum mothers about
breast care with the incidence of breast milk dam at Public Health Center Ngrayun
subdristric Ngrayun regency Ponorogo.The type of research is correlational approach
which maternal knowledge of breast care as an independent variable and the occurrence
of breast milk dam as a dependent variable. The measuring instrument used a
questionnaire. The population of 40 post partum mothers with a sample of 30 post partum
mothers was taken by purposive sampling technique in January- February 2017 and
using the coefficient contingency statistic test. The result of this study showed that
mothers knowledge about breast care was almost, 14 respondents (46,67%) had less
knowledge cathegory, and 15 respondents (50%) of breast milk dam. Based on the
calculation using the statistical test coefficient contingency with the help of SPSS 18. For
windows showed that significance level was 0.019 because the significance level 0.019 <
0.05 then H0 rejected. This indicated that there was a relationship between maternal
knowledge about breast care with the occurrence of breast milk dam at Public Health
Center Ngrayun subdistrict Ngrayun regency Ponorogo. The researcher suggested to
puerperal women play an active role in following each extension so that then can add
information and improve the ability to perform and treatment of their breast correctly
and understand the importance of how breast care, the ways to keep breast properly so
engorgement of breast feeding can be avoided. For healt workers to increase post
partum maternal health services, particularly counselling about breast care, so it can
increase the success of exclusive breast feeding and lowers breast problems.

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